Cagayan De Oro City Guide

Cagayan de Oro (CDO) is a tourist hotspot in Mindanao popular for its rich nature and culture. It is, however, more than a travel destination. It also plays a key role in the thriving economy of the Northern Mindanao region, given its growing trade, commerce, and finance sectors. Due to its steady economic growth, Cagayan de Oro has become a hotspot for property investors seeking to buy real estate with higher appraisals.

This highly-urbanized, first-class city in Northern Mindanao is the administratively independent capital of the province of Misamis Oriental, but it is managed by the provincial administration. 

Situated along Mindanao’s north-central coast facing Macajalar Bay, it borders the municipalities of Tagoloan to the east, Opol to the west, and the provinces of Lanao del Norte and Bukidnon to the south of the city. According to the 2020 census, Cagayan de Oro has a total population of 728,402, becoming the 10th largest city by population in the country. 


Brief History

The word “Cagayan” is derived from different words: “ag,” a Malayo-Polynesian word, which means water, “kagay,” meaning “river,” and “kagayan,” referring to “a region with a river.” “De Oro” is derived from the Spanish word “golden.” The Spaniards fortified the area after it was established as a mission post in the 17th century. 

In 1950, Cagayan de Oro was recognized as a city and had since grown to become northern Mindanao’s transportation and commercial hub. It later became a highly urbanized city after the declaration of the Ministry of Local Government on November 22, 1983.

Geography and Topography

Its overall land area is 488.86 square kilometers, accounting for 13.9% of Misamis Oriental’s total land area. It has a 25-kilometer shoreline as well as a harbor, Macajalar Bay. Cagayan de Oro’s agricultural area accounts for 44.7 percent of the city, while open spaces account for 38.4%.

The locale is divided into two districts: the 1st District (west of the Cagayan River), which consists of 24 primarily suburban barangays, and the 2nd District (east of the river), which consists of 17 barangays, including city proper barangays numbering from 1 to 40.

Local Economy

Cagayan de Oro is considered Northern Mindanao’s regional center, business, and logistics hub. Industry, service, trade, business, and tourism are the city’s main economic activities. In 2018, the city was one of the country’s Top 5 Most Competitive Cities in the highly urbanized cities category by the Department of Trade and Industry.

CDO has a thriving finance industry. A branch of the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas is located in the locale as it serves the regional economic center of Northern Mindanao. At least 143 banks are active in the city as of December 2019.

Cooperatives in Cagayan de Oro provide employment and economic support, and they are also one of the city’s main economic drivers. The Cooperative Development Authority extension office provides regulatory and technical advising services, as well as online application processing. Some of the cooperatives situated in Cagayan de Oro are:

  • MASS-SPECC Cooperative Development Center 
  • Philippine Federation of Credit Cooperatives Mindanao League 
  • Oro Integrated Cooperative 
  • First Community Cooperative 
  • Coop-Life Mutual Benefit Services
  • Asian Business Cabletow Cooperative Academy (ABCCA) 
  • ACDI Multipurpose Cooperative 
  • CFI Community CooperativeCooperative Bank of Misamis Oriental 
  • Oro Savings & Sharing Cooperative

Cagayan De Oro is home to various multinational companies that significantly contribute to its economy. Because of the abundant supply of human resources and the availability of health, research, educational, and sophisticated telecommunication facilities, the business process outsourcing (BPO) sector in Cagayan de Oro is thriving. As the number of BPO firms in the city has grown over the years, new buildings and zones designated to contact centers have sprung up, all of which are PEZA-registered.

Various flagship stores and malls are also situated in Cagayan de Oro, continuously expanding its retail industry. Some of these shopping centers include Robinsons, SM, and Ayala Malls, providing convenience and business opportunities to residents and investors.

Cultural Significance

Cagayan de Oro boasts of a rich, dynamic culture. In 1970, researchers from the National Museum explored Huluga, formerly called Himologan, a town eight kilometers south of Cagayan de Misamis, where most locals lived at the time. They discovered antiques and dinnerware that were recognized to be from adjacent nations, suggesting an active cross-border trade back in the day.

Aside from antique objects, a shard of a woman’s skull was discovered in one of the caves at Huluga, Sitio Taguanao, Barangay Indahag. Subjected to testing, the remains date back to 377 A.D. It became proof of the people’s early occupation in the city. Huluga’s archaeological significance was acknowledged in 1992 when the National Museum of the Philippines assigned distinct accession numbers to the open site and caverns.

Other than archaeological wonders, Cagayan De Oro hosts various festivals that are a huge part of Mindanao’s identity. Every August, the Higalaay Festival (previously the Kagay-an Festiva and Higalaay Kagay-an Festival) is held in honor of St. Augustine, Cagayan de Oro’s patron saint.

The Kahimunan Trade Fair is another part of Cagayan’s culture, showcasing the city and province’s native products. Other notable festivals and events include Miss Cagayan de Oro, Higalas Parade of Cagayan de Oro, Halad sa Lambagohan, Kalo Festival, and Kumbira. Cultural exhibits, tournaments, and celebrity concerts are also held to celebrate the region’s culture and history.

The city is also home to the Kadaiyahan Festival, billed as Mindanao’s first Pride March. Mindanao Pride is a new social movement that promotes lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ+) rights and welfare throughout the island. The Visayan word kadaiyahan means “variety” and refers to the LGBTIQI.


The city of Cagayan de Oro is supported by various types of infrastructure, including:

Transportation Networks

The CDO Coastal Road is one of the biggest, most important infrastructures in the city. Its constructed started in 2010, but was halted because of right-of-way issues. In 2021, the Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH) proposed the extension of the road from Barangay Puerto in Opol Misamis Oriental to Barangay Gusa, CDO. The project will add 9.30 kilometers to the highway. The entire stretch of road traverses private ports, facilitating better transportation of goods.

Another important road infrastructure in the area is the CDO – Mountain Diversion Road. The four-lane highway stretches 35.89 kilometers from Pueblo de Oro Road, also known as the CDO Airport Road, to the western side of Misamis Oriental. It serves various barangays, including Opol, El Salvador, Alubijid, and Laguindingan.


The first water district founded in the country, Cagayan de Oro Water District (COWD), provides water services in Cagayan. The Bulk Water Supply, based on a supply agreement between the contractor and COWD, has a production capacity of 198,262 cubic meters per day and uses treated water from the Cagayan de Oro River, the city’s principal water source.

As for electricity, Cagayan Electric Power and Light Company (CEPALCO) and Misamis Oriental 1st Rural Electric Service Cooperative supply majority of the city’s electricity (MORESCO-1).

Media and Communication

As a highly urbanized city, Cagayan de Oro provides ample modes of communication to the residents and visitors. There are plenty of cell towers supporting wireless communication devices, such as mobile phones. 

Various national and local media stations are also situated in the province, making it easier for the locals to be aware of current events. Some of the media stations in Cagayan de Oro are:


  • DZRH Nationwide 972 (Manila Broadcasting Company)
  • DXIM Radyo Pilipinas 936 (Philippine Broadcasting Service)
  • DXCC RMN 828 (Radio Mindanao Network)
  • DXCO Radyo Pilipino 1044 (Radio Corporation of the Philippines)


  • 91.1 Strong Radio (DCG Radio-TV Network)
  • 90.3 Star FM (Bombo Radyo Philippines)
  • 94.3 Wild FM (UM Broadcasting Network)
  • 93.5 Home Radio (Aliw Broadcasting Corporation)
  • 94.3 Wild FM (UM Broadcasting Network)

TV Stations

  • GMA Cagayan de Oro Channel 35 (formerly and also via Central TV station as Channel 
  • TV5 Channel 21
  • BEAM TV Cagayan de Oro Channel 33 (also via Central TV station as Channel 8)
  • Hope Channel Philippines Cagayan de Oro Channel 25


Cagayan houses various natural and man-made attractions that attract tourists in the province all year round. Whether you are seeking a fun educational tour, laid-back staycation, or adventurous vacation, the city got it covered for you. 

Here are some of the activities you can do in CDO:

Try Cagayan de Oro River White Water Rafting

If you’re a thrill-seeker type of traveler, this activity is perfect for you. The exhilarating trip will take you down the Cagayan de Oro River, passing through mangrove forests and natural rock formations. Don’t worry if you don’t have any prior experience in white water rafting. Qualified guides will assist you in navigating the river.

Enjoy Various Aquatic Sports

The Seven Seas Waterpark & Resort is a fantastic spot to relax with family and loved ones while engaging in fun water activities. The pirate-themed park, located in Opol, Misamis Oriental, has water slides, a wave pool, cottages, huts, cabanas, and a lazy pool.

Explore More Outdoor Activities

Larry’s Hill Adventure Hub is one of the newest additions to Cagayan de Oro’s attractions. It has the Philippines’ first outdoor ball pit, and promotes fun activities, such as helicopter rappelling, maze adventure, and a two-way zipline. The facility, located in Amaya View Indahag, offers a variety of activities for children of all ages. 

Commune with Nature

Mapawa Nature Park is ideal for team-building exercises or a fun outing with family and friends. It has a camping area nestled in a natural forest where guests can swim and jump down the waterfalls. You may try hiking, river trekking, canyoneering, horseback riding, and visiting the zoo within the vicinity.

Relax in an Eco-Tourism Village

The Gardens of Malasag Eco-Tourism Village, which opened in 1992, is an environmentally friendly tourist destination with picturesque luscious green gardens, a mini-zoo, a swimming pool, a restaurant, and various kinds of accommodations. 

The gardens of Granada, Spain, and Canada’s Bouchart Gardens served as inspiration for the village. With its panoramic view of Cagayan de Oro City, a day trip to the ecotourism community will undoubtedly provide visitors with a peaceful stay.

Go Paragliding

Hugo Sky Lounge, situated in Amaya View Indang, has a beautiful view of Cayagan de Oro City. This renowned tourist destination is known for its paragliding activities, which allow guests to soar above the city while taking in the breathtaking views of CDO.

Enjoy a Delectable Cuisine

Visit the High Ridge if you want to dine and relax while enjoying a breathtaking view. It offers a spectacular perspective of Cagayan de Oro City, ideal for romantic evenings or unwinding with family and friends while enjoying sumptuous meals.


As a first-class urbanized city, Cagayan de Oro houses infrastructures that provide convenience and mobility to residents and visitors. Since it’s the gateway to Northern Mindanao and the rest of the southern region, the city is accessible by road, air, and water.

Land Transportation

Metered taxis, jeepneys, pedicabs, tricycles, and buses and the main transportation modes in the city. Vans also take people outside the city to destinations such as the Laguindingan Airport and other locations. There are motorbikes in various parts of the city that can bring you to places that are considerably more difficult to reach, such as mountainous hills.

The Eastbound Integrated Bus Terminal, popularly known as Market City, and the Westbound Integrated Bus and Jeepney Terminal are the two bus terminals in CDO.

The Eastbound Integrated Bus Terminal (Agora), provides regular land trips to and from the east of Misamis Oriental. These include municipalities like Balingoan, Carmen, Gingoog, Butuan, and Nasipit. Buses are also available, with routes to Davao City, Malaybalay, Valencia, Kabacan, Tacurong, General Santos, and Bukidnon.

Regular land trips are available from the Westbound Integrated Bus and Jeepney Terminal, taking passengers to and from the western municipalities of Misamis Oriental or western Mindanao. These include El Salvador, Laguindingan, Marawi, Iligan, Ozamiz, Tangub, Dipolog, Dapitan, and the rest of the Zamboanga Peninsula, including Zamboanga City and Pagadian.


Cebu Pacific Airlines’ 7th hub, Cagayan de Oro’s Laguindingan Airport (CGY), handles domestic flights to and from Manila, Bacolod, Iloilo City, Cebu City, and other cities. In the future, it will offer international flights. The airport is located in Barangay Moog, Laguindingan, Misamis Oriental, about 46 kilometers northwest of Cagayan de Oro.

Laguindingan International Airport is accessible via public transportation such as metered taxis, shuttle express, and UV Express. 

Sea Port

The Port of Cagayan de Oro located in Macabalan is near the Cagayan de Oro River’s estuary. It is around 400 meters from the shoreline and has an anchorage depth of 18 meters. It has four large gantry cranes and is Mindanao’s largest international and domestic seaport. Regular trips to and from Metro Manila, Cebu City, Tagbilaran, Bacolod, Dumaguete, Iloilo City, and Jagna, Bohol are available through the Port of Cagayan de Oro.


Medical Facilities

Situated in Cagayan De Oro are various medical and healthcare institutions that allow residents to live comfortably and access medical services during emergencies. Some of the renowned healthcare institutions in Cagayan de Oro are: 

  • Camp Evangelista Station Hospital
  • Northern Mindanao Medical Center
  • Justiniano R. Borja General Hospital
  • Capitol University Medical City
  • Polymedic General Hospital
  • Polymedic Medical Plaza
  • Maria Reyna–Xavier University Hospital
  • Cagayan de Oro Medical Center
  • Madonna and Child Hospital
  • Sabal Hospital, Puerto Community Hospital
  • Maternity-Children’s Hospital
  • Puericulture Center (formerly Oro Doctor’s Hospital)
  • Department of Health-Treatment and Rehabilitation Center-Cagayan de Oro

Educational Institutions

Cagayan de Oro provides an ideal environment for families with children as it houses various public and private education institutions that offer quality education. Here are some of them:

  • Xavier University – Ateneo de Cagayan
  • Capitol University
  • Liceo de Cagayan University
  • Lourdes College
  • Cagayan de Oro College
  • University of Science and Technology of Southern Philippines
  • Southern Philippines College
  • Pilgrim Christian College
  • St. Mary’s Academy of Carmen
  • Informatics College Mindanao
  • STI College – Cagayan de Oro
  • Cagayan de Oro National High School
  • Bulua National High School
  • City Central School, St. Mary’s School
  • Misamis Oriental General Comprehensive High School
  • Marymount Academy
  • The Abba’s Orchard Montessori School Merry Child School 
  • Shekinah Glory Christian Academy
  • Corpus Christi School
  • Cavite Bible Baptist Academy-CDO branch
  • Vineyard International Polytechnic College and Montessori de Oro
  • Nanuri International School
  • Immanuel Mission International School

Shopping Centers

The city teems with retail hubs, providing modern conveniences to locals and tourists alike. These are some of the shopping centers you’ll find in CDO:

  • SM City Cagayan de Oro
  • Robinsons Cagayan de Oro 
  • Gaisano City Mall 
  • Vista Mall Cagayan de Oro 
  • Centrio Mall 
  • Limketkai Center 
  • City Mall 

Real Estate Developments

Due to its expansive land area, various real estate developers build subdivisions that offer different housing options for their residents, catering to different types of property seekers. 

Some of the popular exclusive subdivisions in Cagayan de Oro are Gran Europa, Portico Solo, Portico II, La Mirande, Lessandra, Santa Barbara, Bellevue, Pag-Ibig Citi Homes, Bloomingdale Subdivision, Tuscania, and Verona I.

Also in Cagayan De Oro are various business parks that house corporate buildings for different industries. These include Alwana Business Park, Pueblo de Oro IT Park, Pride Rock Business Park, N & G Industrial Park, Tres Montanas Business Complex, Elipe Park, and Camp Baludoy. 


If you are interested in checking out some real estate properties in Cagayan De Oro, consider visiting these subdivisions:

Adelaida Park Residences

If you are looking for a luxury subdivision, Adelaida Park Residences is the perfect place for you. It’s known for its ridgeview linear park, which features a jogging and biking path. From landscaped gardens to a modern clubhouse, the residential enclave has modern amenities you will enjoy. 

Bamboo Lane

This subdivision features three-story townhouse units with a modern Asian flair and extendable floor plans. It’s the first townhouse project within the popular CDO township Pueblo de Oro. The residential community is built in the valley area of the estate, which is roughly 20 meters above sea level, to ensure flood protection. 

The Grove

Living in The Grove, another residential community within the self-sustaining 400-hectare township Pueblo de Oro, wonderfully embodies what it’s like to live in a neighborhood where everything is within arm’s reach. The boutique subdivision is designed to allow residents to live, work, play, and shop. Around the grove, you’ll find a variety of businesses, shops, restaurants, and other vital establishments. Your comfort is a top priority in The Grove.

Because of its high-quality houses, safe neighborhood, and magnificent vistas, the neighborhood is attracting a lot of attention from property seekers looking to relocate to Cagayan de Oro. Exclusive two-story townhouse residences with contemporary interior design, set in a tranquil environment of open park spaces and groomed greeneries, are available here.

Bayview Land

This development by Alveo Land aims to provide residents with a safe and convenient hillside living experience. While enjoying the majestic mountain view of Cagayan De Oro, you can also live a contemporary lifestyle with the amenities it offers. This is the ideal subdivision for you if you want an urban-like living experience in a mountainous area. 

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